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Copa Libertadores. History

THE BIRTH OF A CONTINENTAL PASSION

Official competitions among clubs from different countries started in South America in the year 1900 when Francis Chevallier Boutell assumed the presidency of the Argentine Football Association (AFA).  He created the Cup Competition and donated the trophy that would be fought over among clubs from Buenos Aires, Rosario, and Montevideo.

COLO COLO AND THE CHAMPIONS CUP

Chilean Luis Valenzuela, president of the Chilean Federation from 1937 and the CSF from January 15, 1939, was one who also worked on making club competitions a reality.  In his third presidency of Colo Colo, Robinson Álvarez made known his desire to organize in Santiago the Champions Cup.  During February and March of 1948 the competition was played between the champions of each nation’s top national leagues from 1947.  Brazilian club Vasco da Gama won the tournament.

THE PROPOSAL TAKES SHAPE 

In September of 1958 the new president of the CSF, José Ramos de Freitas (Brazil), sent a telegram to the associations of Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile announcing that he would be visiting, in that order, those countries “with the purpose of considering important problems with the leaders of soccer relating to future activities on the continent”.

THE IDEA IS CONSALIDATED IN CARACAS

On July 30, 1959 the CSF summoned a new congress in Caracas, which at that time was the headquarters of the Federation.  The part that was most important in the meeting was the creation of the Champions Cup.  The original Chilean idea now had the fervent support of Argentina and Brazil.

Finally on August 2, 1959 this extensive meeting made history.  With 8 votes in favor and 1 against (Uruguay), there was 1 abstaining (Venezuela), the CSF resolved to create the Champions Cup (the name at that time).   A little bit later after this historic meeting between the 27th and 30th of August in 1959 it was decided that the competition would carry the name “Libertadores de América” in honor of the heroes who helped create the nations of South America.  

The first game in the history of the tournament took place April 19, 1960 and was played between Uruguayan club Peñarol and Bolivian club Jorge Wilstermann.  Peñarol won the game 7-1.  Peñarol would go on to win the tournament by beating Olimpia of Paraguay in the final.

The winner of this competition gets to play in the Recopa Sudamericana and the FIFA Club World Cup.  The tournament is played annually from January until July.  The reigning champion is Corinthians who defeated Boca Juniors.  The club with the most titles is Independiente with seven.  The all-time leading goal scorer is Ecuadorian Alberto Spencer with 54 goals scored.

Champions

1960/61 PEÑAROL, 1962/63 SANTOS, 1964/65 INDEPENDIENTE, 1966 PEÑAROL, 1967 RACING CLUB, 1968/69/70 ESTUDIANTES, 1971 NACIONAL, 1972/73/74/75 INDEPENDIENTE, 1976 CRUZEIRO, 1977/78 BOCA JUNIORS, 1979 OLIMPIA, 1980 NACIONAL (UY), 1981 FLAMENGO, 1982 PEÑAROL, 1983 GREMIO, 1984 INDEPENDIENTE, 1985 ARGENTINO JUNIORS, 1986 RIVER PLATE, 1987 PEÑAROL, 1988 NACIONAL (UY), 1989 ATLÉTICO NACIONAL, 1990 OLIMPIA, 1991 COLO-COLO, 1992 SAO PAULO, 1993 SAO PAULO, 1994 VÉLEZ SARSFIELD, 1995 GREMIO, 1996 RIVER PLATE, 1997 CRUZEIRO, 1998 VASCO DA GAMA, 1999 PALMEIRAS, 2000/01 BOCA JUNIORS, 2002 OLIMPIA, 2003 BOCA JUNIORS, 2004 ONCE CALDAS, 2005 SAO PAULO, 2006 INTERNACIONAL (BR), 2007 BOCA JUNIORS, 2008 LIGA DE QUITO, 2009 ESTUDIANTES, 2010 INTERNACIONAL, 2011 SANTOS, 2012 CORINTHIANS, 2013 CLUBE ATLÉTICO MINEIRO, 2014 SAN LORENZO DE ALMAGRO.