The Congress is the top authority of CONMEBOL and it meets every two years to consider the past years balance, the expenditures and resources for the following year, matters that have to do with the Executive Committee, the report from the Finance Commission, and the reports from the representatives who deal with FIFA.
Every sitting congress will set a meeting place and time for the next congress. A special session will be called for any of the following situations: the sitting congress deems it necessary, at least six affiliated associations or the Executive Committee request one, or the Finance Commission requests one.
Each association has the right of one vote in congress but can have up to three representatives. Congress is presided over by the President of the Confederation. The members of the Executive Committee do not have a vote in congress but are acting members the same as the representatives who report to FIFA. They can both form commissions and participate in deliberations.
Among the most important powers of congress is the possibility to add or remove or reinstate members; dictate, modify, and interpret statutes; resolve questions that affiliated institutions may raise if a designated mediator cannot resolve the issue; elect members of the Executive Committee, FIFA representatives and the president of the Finance Commission; to award the Merit Medallion as a demonstration of recognition; to grant the title of President or Confederation Honorary Member; and resolve appeals against any resolutions of the Executive Committee.
The South American Football Confederation is composed of ten national associations all of which are represented by different sections of Conmebol. The top section is the Congress which meets every two years. The ten associations all share equal rights among themselves and form the Executive Committee.
The associations of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Brazil, the first four from the continent, are the founding members of CONMEBOL. The Argentine Football Association, founded in 1893, is the eighth of its kind in the world and the oldest in America.